The Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Assam is functioning under the administrative control of the Transformation and Development Department, Assam. It was set up in the year 1948 to collect, collate and compilation of statistical data for preparation of various plans for the welfare of the state as well as for the country. Its activities include conducting crop estimation surveys, generating Agriculture Statistics, estimation of State Income, conduct of Annual Survey of Industries, Agriculture Census, Economic Census, Compilation of Index of Industrial production, and compilation of various consumer price indices, conduct of Annual Employment Unemployment Surveys under the direction and guidance of various Central Ministries including Labour Ministry. Directorate is also taking part in socio economic surveys of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, (NSSO).

The Directorate is publishing Statistical Hand Book, Economic Survey, selected indicators of Assam and other publications for the use of planners, academicians, researchers, students, etc.